Vine Vine

Gems, Colours and Hardness

Gemstones sorted by colour and their hardness.

The figure next to the gemstone gives the hardness in relation to moh's scale.

 

Moh's scale.

1 talc

2 Gypsum

2.5 - 3  Pure gold, Silver

3  Copper

4 Flourite

4 - 4.5 Platinum

5.5 - 5 Iron

5 Apatite

6 Orthoclase

6.5 Pyrites

6-7 Glass

7 Quartz

7 - 7.5 Garnet

7 -8 Hardened steel

8 Topaz

9 Corundum

10 Diamond.

 

Colour of stones and their hardness value

      BLUE

Andalusite

Aventurine 6

Azurite 4

   (Chessylite)

Benitoite 6

Tanzanite 7

Topaz 8

Moonstone (Feldspar)6

Moonstone quartz 7

Blue Garnet 7

Sapphire 9

Blue Tourmaline 7

  (Indicolite ish)

Zircon 7

Kyanite 7

Flourite 4

Indocolite Tourmaline 7

Iolite 7

Kornerupine 7

Scapolite 6

Sillimanite 7

Sodalite 6

Spinel 8

Aquamarine 8

 

 PURPLE

Amethyst 7

Rhodolite Garnet 7

Flourite 4

Iolite 7

Tanzanite 7

Scapolite 6

Spinel 8

 

BROWN

Andalucite 7

Imp Topaz 8

Axinite 7

Smoky Quartz 7

Sphalerite

Champagne Topaz 8

 

     RED   

Ruby 9

Bixbite 8

Rubellite Tourm 7

Garnet 7

Hessionite Garnet 7

Pezzottaite 8

Pyrope Garnet 7

Andesine 6

Cuprite 4

Mozambique Garnet 7 Spinel 8

 

GREEN/BLUE

Apatite 5

Paraiba Tourm 7

Aquamarine 8

 

PEARL 

Abalone

Pearl

Mother Of Pearl

 

GREEN

Alexandrite 8

Amazonite 7

Amber 2

Amblygonite 6

Amethyst 7

   (prasiolite)

Aventurine 6

Andalucite 7

Demantoid garnet 7

Tsavorite garnet 7

Russian (Chrome) Diopside 6

Emerald 7

Chrysoberyl 8

Chrysoprase 6

Sphene 5

Diaspore 7

   (Zultanite)

Moldavite 6

Peridot 6

Indicolite Tourm 7

Kornurupine 7

Mali garnet 7

Malaia Garnet 7

Green tourm 7

Praseolite 7

 ( Not prasiolite)

Prehenite 6

Silliminite 7

Sphalerite 4

Uvarovite Garnet 7

Idocrase ?

  (vesuvianite)

 

YELLOW

Amber (Burmite) 2

Topazolite

Champagne Quartz 7

Lemon Quartz 7

Heliodore 8

Citrine 7

Diaspore 7

   (Zultanite)

Orthoclase 6

Flourite 4

Beryl 8

Peru topaz 8

Mali garnet 7

Prehenite 6

Scapolite 6

Sillimanite 7

Chrysoberyl 8

 

RED/ORANGE

Adamandine garnet 7

Andseine (Col Change)

Imp Topaz 7

Carnelian

Fire opal 6

Padparadscha 9

Sphene 3

Flourite 4

Hessionite garnet 7

Malaia Garnet 7

Spessartite garnet 7

Sphalarite (orange) 4

Zincite   4     “”

 

PINK

Sapphire 9

Topaz 8

Padparadscha 9

Kunzite 7

Morganite 8

Scapolite 6

Spinel 8

Tourmaline  7

Rhodolite Garnet 7

 

CLEAR

Diamond 10

Zircon 7

Goshenite

   (Pure beryl)

Topaz 8

Danburite 7

Diaspore

   (zultanite)

Flourite 7

Moissanite

Sillimanite 7

Hiddenite 7

Petalite 6

               

RED/BROWN

Almandine Garnet 7

 

Ametrine 7

 

MULTI COLOURS

Grossular garnet 7

(eg Merelani Mint 7)

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